Los Lunas Animal Clinic

Repro New Mexico

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Reproductive Services in Los Lunas

Learn about the reproductive services available at Repro New Mexico at Los Lunas Animal Clinic below!

Artificial Insemination
  • Surgical
  • Transcervical
  • Deep Vaginal deposit
Frozen Egg Storage
  • on property nitrogen tanks
  • ovary storage also available

Please complete our Semen/Ovum Collection, Freezing, & Storage Contract for this service.

Progesterone And Thyroid Levels
  • Mini-Vidas In House
  • Progesterone in 1-2 hours
  • Thyroid overnight or sooner
Fertility Evaluation
  • Full Male Evaluation
  • Female Reproductive Evaluation
Ovary Sparing Spay
Considering an Ovary Sparing Spay? An Ovary Sparing Spay (a hysterectomy) is advantageous for some dogs. Recent research has shown that leaving the ovaries intact in large and giant breed dogs increases their life span, decreases their risk of bone cancer and prevents many cases of incontinence.

These advantages are not without risks. Leaving the ovaries increases the risk of pyometra and mammary cancer. To limit the risk of pyometra, we judiciously remove all traces of the uterus during surgery. Since we can not remove the risk of mammary cancer, we suggest yearly exams (biannually when your dog is over 8 years old). Exams should include a mammary examination and an ultrasound, biopsy or removal of any suspected growths around the mammary glands.

Before any surgery, we recommend bloodwork to make sure that your dogs kidneys, liver and other organs are working well. Older dogs will require an iv catheter placement and fluids given during surgery. Many younger dogs may also benefit from this procedure. Pain medication is given prior to surgery and additional medication will usually be sent home with you. Besides relieving pain, the medication reduces inflammation and speeds healing.

To completely remove the uterus requires a longer incision than is typically made during a regular ovariohysterectomy (spay). It heals just as quickly as a shorter incision but precautions should be taken as with a normal spay. After surgery you must restrict the dog from jumping and running as in a conventional spay. You should use an E-collar or other device as needed to keep the dog from licking the incision.

Due to the longer incision and longer surgery time, after surgery your dog will be placed on antibiotics. Please follow the instructions and give all of the antibiotics.

The incision should be completely healed in most dogs in 2 weeks and all restrictions may be removed at that time. If your dog does get any excessive swelling, heat or discharge, please request an examination by us or your regular vet immediately.

Feel free to call us with any questions about your dog or this procedure.

Thank you for allowing us to assist you with your dogs care.

Caesarean Sections

Although most canine births do not require assistance, different problems can occur which might require surgery to save the bitch and the puppies. New Mexico Repro at Los Lunas Animal Clinic provides emergency cesarean sections 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. We do not provide emergency services for any other small animal problems. As a center for reproduction, we will help deliver your puppies no matter the time or the circumstances.

Since we perform a large number of c-sections we have developed a streamlined, highly efficient and safe protocol for performing this surgery. Through consultation with veterinary and human anesthesiologists, we have selected drugs which provide excellent anesthesia for the bitch and help ensure that the puppies are born in good condition. All bitches are medicated with heart-stabilizing drugs to help maintain breathing and blood pressure in both the bitch and the new puppies. A corticosteroid is given to help the fetal lungs clear during revival. Other drugs may be given to individual puppies that require them by our experienced puppy reviving crew. This maximizes the number of puppies that survive.

Once the surgery is underway, our emphasis is on safe and effective drugs for both the bitch and the puppies. During surgery IV fluids are given to enhance the bitches and the puppies circulation. The dam is intubated and given a mix of oxygen and the ultra safe, short acting anesthetic gas, Sevoflurane. The Sevoflorane provides excellent anesthesia and pain relief to minimize stress yet is rapidly removed from the system. This protocol results in puppies being delivered with almost no anesthetic present and in need of minimal medications for rapid and easy revival.

Other anesthetic protocols which use only injectable anesthesia or sedatives are risky for your bitch and her puppies. Complications from these protocols include vomiting and regurgitation potentially causing pneumonia in the bitch and heavy respiratory depression which may deprive the bitch and puppies of adequate oxygen resulting in organ damage or rare circumstances death. We strongly discourage the use of pure injectable anesthesia for these reasons. Our patients are treated just as if they were our own dogs and safety is always paramount.

If you think you might have future need of our cesarean services ask the doctor or veterinary technician for details on how to schedule surgery or to how to get in touch with us in an emergency. Cesareans typically cost $500-900 during regular hours depending on the size of dog, number of puppies and other variables. After hours, the fees jump up to $1000-1500. To avoid emergency charges and to determine the optimal whelping time, have your bitch’s progesterone tested, in house, on our Mini-Vidas machine 1-3 days prior to the anticipated whelp date. Our blood progesterone results are available in 1-2 hours, so we can tell you when she is truly ready to whelp. This can save hundreds of dollars in emergency fees and save the puppies too!

C-Section Procedures:

  • Planned C-sections
  • Dystocia (Whelping Difficulty)
  • Emergency C-Sections

Download our PDF

Global Shipping

We can ship frozen eggs and sperm around the globe for breeding purposes. Please contact us with any questions regarding this service.

Brucellosis Testing

Brucellosis is an incurable disease. It is highly contagious, and is classified as a zoonotic disease. It can be transmitted between humans and canines, between livestock (sheep or cattle) and wildlife (bison, elk or wild pigs). This list is not inclusive.

The initial human symptoms can be quite mild and flu-like, but may progress to septicemia, infertility, cardiac and neurological symptoms. Humans do respond to antibiotic treatment, but prolonged therapy is required.

From a canine perspective, a common symptom is third trimester abortion.

There is no vaccine. There is no medical cure. The route of infection may be sexual activity, but may also occur through direct contact with body fluids from an infected animal. If a litter survives, the puppies will be infected. Both male and female dogs suffer different symptoms. Females may become infertile, about 75% will abort the litter if they do achieve pregnancy. The male will become sterile and suffer from testicular damage, swelling and inflammation.

To eradicate this disease, the recommended first step is to euthanize the infected animals. Your kennel must be quarantined. No dogs should enter or leave your premises for any reason other than the termination of infected animals. Sterilizing the property is a long and difficult process. It is not unheard of for a dog breeder to sell his property and move his breeding business because the process of sterilization is so difficult.

Detailed information is widely available on the internet.

Los Lunas Animal Clinic recquires a simple blood test of both the dog and bitch prior to breeding. Stud dogs should be tested annually and bitches prior to each breeding.

Semen Services
  • Semen Evaluation
  • Semen Collection and Freezing
  • Semen Storage
  • Epididymal Harvest

Please complete our Semen/Ovum Collection, Freezing, & Storage Contract for this service.


Breed Your Bitch at Repro NM
We offer a full spectrum of services to assist in dog breeding. The following sequence of testing will ensure optimal results and aid in providing a large and healthy litter.

  1. Pre-Breeding Exam – Comprehensive exam with a strong focus on reproduction.
  2. Vaginal Cytology or Vaginal exam, when indicated.
  3. Initial Progesterone Level, address any thyroid issues which may be present.

In some cases;

  • Fertility enhancing vitamins, ie. CF Plus from ICSB
  • Brucellosis Testing
  • Vaginal Culture may be recommend, antibiotics may be indicated

Proper scheduling of Progesterone Testing,Vaginal Cytology and Lutenizing Hormone can establish the optimal breeding time. Although testing can increase the financial output, the lack of testing often leads to poor results, smaller litters or even missed breedings.

Breeders Options

  • Live Cover, with or without assistance, on site AI assistance
  • Insemination with fresh chilled or frozen semen
  • Insemination can be performed by:
    (a) Standard vaginal delivery
    (b) Trans cervical emplacement
    (c) Surgical emplacement

Post Breeding
We recommend that your dog receives an ultrasound at 28 to 32 days of gestation to determine pregnancy and viability of fetuses. Additionally, a radiograph should be performed at 55 to 60 days in order to count the puppies and it may also assist us in determining if a cesarean is necessary.

We are available to perform a cesarean 24 hours a day 7 days a week, when prior arrangements are discussed . The above recommended schedule of hormone testing will frequently enable us to schedule an elective C-Section at the optimal time, if your dog requires it. Our advanced techniques and experience help maximize puppy survival.

We wish you great success in your breeding venture.

Download this information as a PDF

Download our Canine Breeding Plan

Download our Repro NM 2018 Newsletter

A vasectomy involves tying the spermatic chords but leaving the testicles. With this option the dog/cat retains its male hormones. While this may have some health benefits, it also predisposes the pet to diseases of the testicle (cancer, torsion) and prostate (enlargement, infection, cancer.) Additionally, various perianal cancers are caused by testosterone and these can occur if a vasectomy is performed. However, due to our holistic approach, which minimizes vaccines, drugs, and chemicals and promotes healthy diets, we tend to see less complications with our vasectomies.

Our Veterinary Services